Real Steel: The Shiv

Real Steel: The Shiv

shivThe shiv is a nefarious blade that is a favored tool of those who do night work.

That a shiv is a knife is indisputable. Exactly what type of knife that word describes is sometimes the subject of debate. The word itself derives from the Romani word chiv, which translates roughly to any sharp or pointed knife-like weapon. The word shiv is sometimes used interchangeably with the word shank, which is most often used to describe a homemade stabbing weapon made by the inmates of prisons. For the purpose of this discourse, a shiv is a relatively long and slender single edged and pointed knife with no guard, bolsters, or pommel and with the primary function of stabbing although it is also capable of cutting. It is designed to kill and isn’t much good for anything else…

The shiv differs from dirks and daggers (exactly what makes a knife a dirk or a dagger is yet another source of debate) in that dirks and daggers are generally accepted as double edged and pointed, with a relatively thick blade and generally heavier construction. Daggers will usually have a guard and pommel, and dirks will usually have bolsters. Both daggers and dirks have significant ceremonial history and both are often made with precious metal and gemstone adornments. Not so the darker-purposed shiv.

Light and fast in the hand, a shiv blade is just thick enough at the spine to support stabbing unarmored targets but long enough to extend the users reach considerably and allow the penetration of thick clothing. Knives like this were historically used by assassins and would have been carried extensively by thieves to defend themselves if caught.

The hardening through heat treatment of this thin and delicate blade is critical. If the blade is left too hard after quenching it will break. If it is tempered too soft, it will bend. I made the shiv in the accompanying photos from 1084 tool steel using the stock removal method. I used 1084 steel because it’s very easy to heat treat perfectly when compared to other simple carbon steels. Stock removal simply means removing all the metal that doesn’t look like a knife. I used a 72” belt grinder but it can be done with hand files.

shiv handleIt is very likely that the killing power of an assassin’s blade would have been enhanced by poison, which could have simply been applied to the blade and allowed to dry, or applied to pockets built into the spine. Decorative file work would have served this function well, and would be capable of storing multiple doses of an alchemist’s concoction. The exposure of the steel to these alkaloid compounds would have oxidized and etched the blade, leaving a pattern that tells the blade’s dark history. I put some very rough file work on the spine of the knife and applied a mustard finish (yes, real mustard: in this case Grey Poupon coarse ground) to simulate the poisons bite on the blade.

The blade was at last finished with cocobolo handle slabs and seven brass pins. Seven is a lucky number, and luck is something both needed and appreciated by those who hunt in the darkness.

8 thoughts on “Real Steel: The Shiv”

  1. Todd’s off for the holiday weekend, I believe, so I’ll jump in to say that this one is not for sale, but … he does take commissions (per the comments on his first post).

  2. That blade looks as businesslike as it’s intent.

    Always wondered where the word came from, nice to see an example of what a blade that habitually carries poison looks like too.

  3. Todd the Bladesmith

    James – As Wolfgang said this particular knife is not for sale, but stay tuned for more on this one… If interested in a similar knife, please email me at todd(at)toddblades(dot)com.

    Wolfgang – I’m baaaack… Thanks for covering.

    satyre – Thanks!

  4. Todd the Bladesmith

    DoomedPaladin – A bolster is usually made of non-ferrous metal and is used in place of a guard. If you look at the handle slabs on this knife, bolsters, if it had them, would be located from the first pin up to the end of where the wood slab ends. Bolsters are purely decorative, serving no function other than esthetic. Take a look at this link:

    http://szilaski.com/fighters/personal1x.jpg

    The engraved metal under the blade at the top of the handle is the bolster.

  5. Is there a higher resolution version of the first pictures available? I’d like to see the way the notches “fade” as the blade thins out and the discoloration from the oxidation on the blade.

    The seven pins is a nice detail. Is there a reason for the cocobolo handle? I might have expected a more common wood on a knife like this.

    Thanks for a great article.
    Steve

  6. Todd the Bladesmith

    Steven Hammond – Please email me at todd(at)toddblades(dot)com and I’ll be happy to email you back with more pics. I used cocbolo because I wanted a naturally dark colored wood and what I had on hand was black walnut or cocbolo. The cocobolo has a subtle red undertone that I liked for this piece.

    Thanks for your questions and input!

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